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discovery [2019/08/30 08:12] (current)
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-**Discovery** ​\\ +**Discovery** 
-\\ +===== Overviews and reports ===== 
-[[http://​www.kenchadconsulting.com/​wp-content/​uploads/​2016/​07/​Future_of_Discovery_EDS_User_Group_July2016.pdf|The future of library Discovery services:​]]\\+ 
 +2018 Report: **[[http://​renewpublishingconsultants.com/​wp-content/​uploads/​2018/​08/​How-Readers-Discover-Content-2018-Published-180903.pdf|How Readers Discover Content in Scholarly Publications**]]** 
 + 
 +Renew Publishing Consultants have published the findings to two major research projects. How Readers Discover Content in Scholarly Publications 2018 is the latest in a series of reports spanning 13 years identifying the trends in user discovery behaviour. The latest research was carried out with the support of leading publishers and intermediaries,​ and attracted responses from over 10,000 people working and studying across all sectors, subject disciplines and regions. Headline results include: 
 + 
 +  * SciHub is responsible for around 5% of downloads in the wealthier nations (and must pose a special threat since the content available there is normally the final published version). 
 +  * Around 60% of the time people are reading articles from a “free” resources (it is likely PMC is responsible for much of this in the medical sector). 
 +  * In the academic sector as a whole, abstracting and indexing databases (A&Is) still appear to be the most important starting point in search. 
 +  * Academic search engines (such as Google Scholar) are more important than general search engines. 
 +  * Library discovery seems to have peaked in its importance-rating and is only holding a strong position in Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. 
 +  * Whilst searching as a discovery method dominates, it still only accounts for around 45% of people’s behaviour. Around 55% of the time people found the article they needed via other methods, eg following links on social media, emails and alerts, browsing other resources. 
 + 
 +[[http://​www.kenchadconsulting.com/​wp-content/​uploads/​2016/​07/​Future_of_Discovery_EDS_User_Group_July2016.pdf|The future of library Discovery services:]] \\
 Ken Chad keynote at the EDS (Ebsco Discovery Services) conference at Regents University, London in July 2016. Ken Chad keynote at the EDS (Ebsco Discovery Services) conference at Regents University, London in July 2016.
  
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 The Discovery services and library catalogue (OPAC) products used by UK HE institutions are listed on the '​[[:​he_systems_review|HE Systems Review]]'​ page of this wiki The Discovery services and library catalogue (OPAC) products used by UK HE institutions are listed on the '​[[:​he_systems_review|HE Systems Review]]'​ page of this wiki
  
-**Specification (RFP)** \\ +**Specification (RFP)** \\ A sample specification for a discovery service is available on the[[http://​libtechrfp.wikispaces.com/​|http://​libtechrfp.wikispaces.com/​]][[http://​www.libtechrfp.com|LIBTechRFP]] (open library specifications) website (wiki)
-A sample specification for a discovery service is available on the[[http://​libtechrfp.wikispaces.com/​|http://​libtechrfp.wikispaces.com/​]][[http://​www.libtechrfp.com|LIBTechRFP]] (open library specifications) website (wiki)+
  
 ==== Products available ==== ==== Products available ====
  
-To see what UK HE institutions are use for search and discovery see the page on[[:​he_systems_review|LMS and related systems]] which includes a column for '​Search and Discovery interfaces'​. It lists OPAC and Discovery products.\\ +To see what UK HE institutions are use for search and discovery see the page on[[:​he_systems_review|LMS and related systems]] which includes a column for '​Search and Discovery interfaces'​. It lists OPAC and Discovery products. \\ 
-\\+ \\
 Some Discovery products are:- Some Discovery products are:-
  
   * [[:​discovery_tool_aquabrowser|AquaBrowser]] (ProQuest -Serials Solutions)   * [[:​discovery_tool_aquabrowser|AquaBrowser]] (ProQuest -Serials Solutions)
- 
   * [[:​discovery_tool_blacklight|Blacklight ]](open source-The University of Virginia Library and Stanford University Library are the primary development partners)   * [[:​discovery_tool_blacklight|Blacklight ]](open source-The University of Virginia Library and Stanford University Library are the primary development partners)
- +  ​* [[:​discovery_tool_ebsco_discovery|Ebsco Discovery Service]] (EBSCO) 
-  ​* [[:​discovery_tool_ebsco_discovery|Ebsco Discovery Service]](EBSCO) +  * [[:​discovery_tool_encore|Encore]] (Innovative Interfaces)
- +
-  * [[:​discovery_tool_encore|Encore]](Innovative Interfaces) +
- +
-  * [[:​discovery_tool_endeca|Endeca]](Oracle) +
   * [[:​discovery_tool_explorit|Explorit]] (Deep Web Technologies )   * [[:​discovery_tool_explorit|Explorit]] (Deep Web Technologies )
- 
   * [[:​discovery_tool_fast|FAST]](Microsoft)   * [[:​discovery_tool_fast|FAST]](Microsoft)
- 
   * [[http://​scholar.google.co.uk/​intl/​en/​scholar/​about.html|Google Scholar]](Google)   * [[http://​scholar.google.co.uk/​intl/​en/​scholar/​about.html|Google Scholar]](Google)
 +  * [[https://​www.leanlibrary.com/​|Lean Library]] (Sage Publications) 
 +  * [[https://​clarivate.libguides.com/​webofscienceplatform/​kopernio|Kopernio]] (Clarivate)
   * [[:​discovery_tool_primo|Primo]] (Ex Libris)   * [[:​discovery_tool_primo|Primo]] (Ex Libris)
- 
   * [[http://​capitadiscovery.co.uk|Prism]] (Capita)   * [[http://​capitadiscovery.co.uk|Prism]] (Capita)
- 
-  * [[:​discovery_tool_seesearch|Seesearch (Vizolve)]] 
- 
   * [[:​discovery_tool_summon|Summon]] (Pro Quest/​ExLibris)   * [[:​discovery_tool_summon|Summon]] (Pro Quest/​ExLibris)
- 
   * [[:​discovery_tool_vufind|VuFind]] (open source - developed & maintained by Villanova University in the USA)   * [[:​discovery_tool_vufind|VuFind]] (open source - developed & maintained by Villanova University in the USA)
- +  ​* [[:​discovery_tool_worldcat|WorldCat ]](OCLC)
-  ​* [[:​discovery_tool_worldcat|WorldCat ​Local]] (OCLC) +
   * [[:​discovery_tool_xc|XC]] (Open Source - Rochester Uni)   * [[:​discovery_tool_xc|XC]] (Open Source - Rochester Uni)
 +  * [[:​yewno|Yewno]]
  
 ==== Discovery products reviews ==== ==== Discovery products reviews ====
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 Selecting a web-scale discovery service is a large and important undertaking that involves a significant investment of time, staff, and resources. Finding the right match begins with a thorough and carefully planned evaluation process. In order to be successful, this process should be inclusive, goal-oriented,​ data-driven,​ user-centered,​ and transparent. The following article offers a step-by-step guide for developing a web-scale discovery evaluation plan rooted in these five key principles based on best practices synthesized from the literature as well as the author’s own experiences coordinating the evaluation process at Rutgers University. The goal is to offer academic libraries that are considering acquiring a web-scale discovery service a blueprint for planning a structured and comprehensive evaluation process. \\ Selecting a web-scale discovery service is a large and important undertaking that involves a significant investment of time, staff, and resources. Finding the right match begins with a thorough and carefully planned evaluation process. In order to be successful, this process should be inclusive, goal-oriented,​ data-driven,​ user-centered,​ and transparent. The following article offers a step-by-step guide for developing a web-scale discovery evaluation plan rooted in these five key principles based on best practices synthesized from the literature as well as the author’s own experiences coordinating the evaluation process at Rutgers University. The goal is to offer academic libraries that are considering acquiring a web-scale discovery service a blueprint for planning a structured and comprehensive evaluation process. \\
  \\  \\
-**[[https://​www.tsl.texas.gov/​sites/​default/​files/​public/​tslac/​lot/​TSLAC_WP_discovery_2ed_final_20150826.pdf|Discovery services White paper]].**Texas State Library & Archives Commission (Revised edition August 2015) \\ "This paper attempts to provide an overview of discovery services, including their advantages, disadvantages,​ limitations and best practices. In addition, a synopsis of the major discovery vendors is provided in Appendix A" \\  \\ **[[http://​www.niso.org/​apps/​group_public/​download.php/​14487/​future_library_resource_discovery.pdf|The Future of Library Resource Discovery]]:​**A white paper commissioned by the NISO Discovery to Delivery (D2D) Topic Committee \\ By Marshall Breeding February 2015 \\ "This paper provides an overview of the current resource discovery environment and discusses some of the possibilities regarding how these technologies,​ methodologies,​ and products might be able to adapt to changes in the evolving information landscape in scholarly communications and to take advantage of new technologies,​ metadata models, or linking environments to better accomplish the needs of libraries to provide access to resources"​. \\  \\ **[[http://​www.cilip.org.uk/​sites/​default/​files/​documents/​Catalogue%20and%20Index%20issue%20170,​%20March%202013.pdf|Discovery layers and discovery services: a review]]** ​ \\ Andrew Christison, LIS Systems Manager, Sheffield Hallam University \\ IN - Catalogue and Index.Periodical of the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (CILIP) Cataloguing and Indexing Group \\ March 2013, Issue 170 \\  \\ "​Blacklight:​ a next-generation discovery interface"​. By Chris Awre, Head of Information Management, & Diane Leeson, Content and Access Team Leader, Information Management, Library and Learning Innovation, University of Hull \\ IN - [[http://​www.cilip.org.uk/​sites/​default/​files/​documents/​Catalogue%20and%20Index%20issue%20170,​%20March%202013.pdf|Catalogue and Index]].Periodical of the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (CILIP) Cataloguing and Indexing Group \\+**[[https://​www.tsl.texas.gov/​sites/​default/​files/​public/​tslac/​lot/​TSLAC_WP_discovery_2ed_final_20150826.pdf|Discovery services White paper]].**Texas State Library & Archives Commission (Revised edition August 2015) \\ "This paper attempts to provide an overview of discovery services, including their advantages, disadvantages,​ limitations and best practices. In addition, a synopsis of the major discovery vendors is provided in Appendix A" \\  \\ **[[http://​www.niso.org/​apps/​group_public/​download.php/​14487/​future_library_resource_discovery.pdf|The Future of Library Resource Discovery]]:​**A white paper commissioned by the NISO Discovery to Delivery (D2D) Topic Committee \\ By Marshall Breeding February 2015 \\ "This paper provides an overview of the current resource discovery environment and discusses some of the possibilities regarding how these technologies,​ methodologies,​ and products might be able to adapt to changes in the evolving information landscape in scholarly communications and to take advantage of new technologies,​ metadata models, or linking environments to better accomplish the needs of libraries to provide access to resources"​. \\  \\ **[[http://​www.cilip.org.uk/​sites/​default/​files/​documents/​Catalogue%20and%20Index%20issue%20170,​%20March%202013.pdf|Discovery layers and discovery services: a review]]** \\ Andrew Christison, LIS Systems Manager, Sheffield Hallam University \\ IN - Catalogue and Index.Periodical of the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (CILIP) Cataloguing and Indexing Group \\ March 2013, Issue 170 \\  \\ "​Blacklight:​ a next-generation discovery interface"​. By Chris Awre, Head of Information Management, & Diane Leeson, Content and Access Team Leader, Information Management, Library and Learning Innovation, University of Hull \\ IN - [[http://​www.cilip.org.uk/​sites/​default/​files/​documents/​Catalogue%20and%20Index%20issue%20170,​%20March%202013.pdf|Catalogue and Index]].Periodical of the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (CILIP) Cataloguing and Indexing Group \\
 March 2013, Issue 170 \\ March 2013, Issue 170 \\
  \\  \\
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 “Index-based discovery services involve a complex ecosystem of interrelating issues and interests among content providers, libraries, and discovery service creators,​” states Jenny Walker, an independent publishing consultant and Co-chair of the ODI Working Group. “The ODI Working Group included participation and input from all three stakeholders in the development of these recommendations. These recommendations are intended to encourage participation by the content providers in providing their content for indexing, transparency for libraries with regard to the level of indexing for different collections in the discovery services, and implementation of best practice by the discovery services regarding unbiased linking to source material, the neutrality of algorithms for generating result sets, relevance rankings, and link order.” \\ “Index-based discovery services involve a complex ecosystem of interrelating issues and interests among content providers, libraries, and discovery service creators,​” states Jenny Walker, an independent publishing consultant and Co-chair of the ODI Working Group. “The ODI Working Group included participation and input from all three stakeholders in the development of these recommendations. These recommendations are intended to encourage participation by the content providers in providing their content for indexing, transparency for libraries with regard to the level of indexing for different collections in the discovery services, and implementation of best practice by the discovery services regarding unbiased linking to source material, the neutrality of algorithms for generating result sets, relevance rankings, and link order.” \\
 “NISO and the ODI Working Group intend to support the Recommended Practice with follow-up efforts,” states Todd Carpenter, NISO Executive Director. “Areas of further investigation potentially include collaborative discussion mechanisms, discovery of content via application programming interfaces, handling of restricted content, on-demand lookup, and interaction with COUNTER about usage statistics related to discovery services.” \\ “NISO and the ODI Working Group intend to support the Recommended Practice with follow-up efforts,” states Todd Carpenter, NISO Executive Director. “Areas of further investigation potentially include collaborative discussion mechanisms, discovery of content via application programming interfaces, handling of restricted content, on-demand lookup, and interaction with COUNTER about usage statistics related to discovery services.” \\
- \\ 
  \\  \\
 [[http://​www.uksg.org/​sites/​uksg.org/​files/​UKSG_final_report_16_12_13_by_LISU.pdf|Impact of library discovery technologies]]. A report for UKSG. By Valérie Spezi, Claire Creaser. LISU. Loughborough University. November 2013 \\ [[http://​www.uksg.org/​sites/​uksg.org/​files/​UKSG_final_report_16_12_13_by_LISU.pdf|Impact of library discovery technologies]]. A report for UKSG. By Valérie Spezi, Claire Creaser. LISU. Loughborough University. November 2013 \\
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  \\  \\
 [[http://​www.libraryjournal.com/​lj/​ljinprintcurrentissue/​889250-403/​the_next_generation_of_discovery.html.csp|'​The Next Generation of Discovery]] The stage is set for a simpler search for users, but choosing a product is much more complex.'​ By Judy Luther & Maureen C. Kelly Library Journal. 15th March 2011. Short extract below…… \\ [[http://​www.libraryjournal.com/​lj/​ljinprintcurrentissue/​889250-403/​the_next_generation_of_discovery.html.csp|'​The Next Generation of Discovery]] The stage is set for a simpler search for users, but choosing a product is much more complex.'​ By Judy Luther & Maureen C. Kelly Library Journal. 15th March 2011. Short extract below…… \\
-//'A casual Google search may well be good enough for a daily task. But if you are a college student conducting his or her first search for peer-reviewed content, or an established scholar taking up a new line of inquiry, then the stakes are a lot higher. The challenge for academic libraries, caught in the seismic shift from print to electronic resources, is to offer an experience that has the simplicity of Google—which users expect—while searching the library’s rich digital and print collections—which users need. Increasingly,​ they are turning to a new generation of search tools, called discovery, for help//' ​\\  \\ ===== Discovery initiatives ====\\ [[http://​www.niso.org/​workrooms/​odi/​|NISO Open Discovery initiative]] 'The Open Discovery Initiative (ODI) aims at defining standards and/or best practices for the new generation of library discovery services that are based on indexed search. These discovery services are primarily based upon indexes derived from journals, ebooks and other electronic information of a scholarly nature. The content comes from a range of information providers and products–commercial,​ open access, institutional,​ etc. Given the growing interest and activity in the interactions between information providers and discovery services, this group is interested in establishing a more standard set of practices for the ways that content is represented in discovery services and for the interactions between the creators of these services and the information providers whose resources they represent.'​ The ODI working group was formed in late 2011 and held its first meeting in January 2012. \\+//'A casual Google search may well be good enough for a daily task. But if you are a college student conducting his or her first search for peer-reviewed content, or an established scholar taking up a new line of inquiry, then the stakes are a lot higher. The challenge for academic libraries, caught in the seismic shift from print to electronic resources, is to offer an experience that has the simplicity of Google—which users expect—while searching the library’s rich digital and print collections—which users need. Increasingly,​ they are turning to a new generation of search tools, called discovery, for help//'​ 
 + 
 +==== \\ Discovery initiatives ==== 
 + 
 + \\ [[http://​www.niso.org/​workrooms/​odi/​|NISO Open Discovery initiative]] 'The Open Discovery Initiative (ODI) aims at defining standards and/or best practices for the new generation of library discovery services that are based on indexed search. These discovery services are primarily based upon indexes derived from journals, ebooks and other electronic information of a scholarly nature. The content comes from a range of information providers and products–commercial,​ open access, institutional,​ etc. Given the growing interest and activity in the interactions between information providers and discovery services, this group is interested in establishing a more standard set of practices for the ways that content is represented in discovery services and for the interactions between the creators of these services and the information providers whose resources they represent.'​ The ODI working group was formed in late 2011 and held its first meeting in January 2012. \\
  \\  \\
 '​[[http://​newsbreaks.infotoday.com/​NewsBreaks/​NISO-Launches-Open-Discovery-Initiative-78983.asp|NISO Launches Open Discovery Initiative]]. By Marshall Breeding Information Today. 17 November 2011 \\ '​[[http://​newsbreaks.infotoday.com/​NewsBreaks/​NISO-Launches-Open-Discovery-Initiative-78983.asp|NISO Launches Open Discovery Initiative]]. By Marshall Breeding Information Today. 17 November 2011 \\
 From the article: \\ From the article: \\
-//'The Concept of Index-based Search// \\ //The basic model of these index-based discovery products involves three major types of participants:​ those that develop and support the discovery products, the publishers and providers of content products, and the libraries that purchase and implement them. Of course, library patrons represent another set of stakeholders as the ultimate end users of these discovery services.// \\ //As these index-based search products become strategic tools in which libraries make major investments,​ it is important to identify best practices and develop appropriate standards. The Open Discovery Initiative addresses several areas of interest in the arena of index-based discovery tools, including transparency of the content of the indexes, consistent terms and vocabularies,​ and standard mechanisms for transferring content from publishers to discovery service providers.//​ \\  \\ //For example, one area of interest would be providing consistent vocabulary and terms to help libraries evaluate the quality and quantity of the indexes that underlie each discovery service. The effectiveness of these discovery products depends on how fully they index the materials represented in the library’s subscriptions to content products. It is also important to have consistent ways to express whether the indexing of any given resource is based on citation metadata or whether it also indexes the full text of the materials and the frequency of updates. Clarity and transparency in this area should put libraries in a stronger position to make valid comparisons among the discovery products relative to their potential search performance for their collections. Some of the vendors have already begun publishing detailed reports disclosing the materials represented in their indexes. (See, for example, [[http://​www.serialssolutions.com/​discovery/​summon/​content-and-coverage/​|www.serialssolutions.com/​discovery/​summon/​content-and-coverage/​]] or [[http://​www.oclc.org/​worldcatlocal/​overview/​content///​|www.oclc.org/​worldcatlocal/​overview/​content///​]])'​ \\ +//'The Concept of Index-based Search// \\ //The basic model of these index-based discovery products involves three major types of participants:​ those that develop and support the discovery products, the publishers and providers of content products, and the libraries that purchase and implement them. Of course, library patrons represent another set of stakeholders as the ultimate end users of these discovery services.// \\ //As these index-based search products become strategic tools in which libraries make major investments,​ it is important to identify best practices and develop appropriate standards. The Open Discovery Initiative addresses several areas of interest in the arena of index-based discovery tools, including transparency of the content of the indexes, consistent terms and vocabularies,​ and standard mechanisms for transferring content from publishers to discovery service providers.//​ \\  \\ //For example, one area of interest would be providing consistent vocabulary and terms to help libraries evaluate the quality and quantity of the indexes that underlie each discovery service. The effectiveness of these discovery products depends on how fully they index the materials represented in the library’s subscriptions to content products. It is also important to have consistent ways to express whether the indexing of any given resource is based on citation metadata or whether it also indexes the full text of the materials and the frequency of updates. Clarity and transparency in this area should put libraries in a stronger position to make valid comparisons among the discovery products relative to their potential search performance for their collections. Some of the vendors have already begun publishing detailed reports disclosing the materials represented in their indexes. (See, for example, [[http://​www.serialssolutions.com/​discovery/​summon/​content-and-coverage/​|www.serialssolutions.com/​discovery/​summon/​content-and-coverage/​]] or [[http://​www.oclc.org/​worldcatlocal/​overview/​content///​|www.oclc.org/​worldcatlocal/​overview/​content///​]])'​// \\  \\ **UK Discovery** 
- \\ + 
-== == UK Discovery ​==== In May 2011 the //  Discovery ​ //​initiative was launched. It 'will help to mobilise and energise the community, engaging stakeholders to create a critical mass of open and reusable data, and explore what open data makes possible through real-world exemplars and case studies'​ . //​Discovery//​ is advocating the adoption of open metadata for the furtherance of scholarship and innovation. That's an important business case for UK plc – but what could that mean for individual cultural and educational institutions and agencies? Is there a local business case for open data? \\  \\ //Discovery// Open Metadata principles The Discovery principles, launched by the Resource Discovery Task Force on 26 May 2011, propose that 'Open metadata creates the opportunity for enhancing impact through the release of descriptive data about library, archival and museum resources. It allows such data to be made freely available and innovatively reused to serve researchers,​ teachers, students, service providers and the wider community in the UK and internationally.'//​ \\  \\ //Resource Discovery Taskforce (RDTF) The JISC and RLUK Resource Discovery Taskforce was formed to focus on defining the requirements for the provision of a shared UK resource discovery infrastructure for libraries, archives, museums and related resources to support education and research. The taskforce focused on metadata that can assist in access to resources, with a special reference to serials, books, archives/​special collections and museum collections. \\ +//In May 2011 the //  Discovery //​initiative was launched. It 'will help to mobilise and energise the community, engaging stakeholders to create a critical mass of open and reusable data, and explore what open data makes possible through real-world exemplars and case studies'​ . //​Discovery//​ is advocating the adoption of open metadata for the furtherance of scholarship and innovation. That's an important business case for UK plc – but what could that mean for individual cultural and educational institutions and agencies? Is there a local business case for open data? // \\  \\ Discovery// Open Metadata principles The Discovery principles, launched by the Resource Discovery Task Force on 26 May 2011, propose that 'Open metadata creates the opportunity for enhancing impact through the release of descriptive data about library, archival and museum resources. It allows such data to be made freely available and innovatively reused to serve researchers,​ teachers, students, service providers and the wider community in the UK and internationally.'//​ \\  \\ //Resource Discovery Taskforce (RDTF) The JISC and RLUK Resource Discovery Taskforce was formed to focus on defining the requirements for the provision of a shared UK resource discovery infrastructure for libraries, archives, museums and related resources to support education and research. The taskforce focused on metadata that can assist in access to resources, with a special reference to serials, books, archives/​special collections and museum collections.// 
-== RDTF Vision ​== The [[http://​ie-repository.jisc.ac.uk/​475/​1/​JISC%26RLUK_VISION_FINAL.pdf|taskforce vision]] is //'UK researchers and students will have easy, flexible and ongoing access to content and \\ services through a collaborative,​ aggregated and integrated resource discovery and delivery framework which is comprehensive,​ open and sustainable'//​ The vision addresses the following JISC strategic objectives: \\ * Provide cost-effective and sustainable shared national services and resources * Help institutions to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of their corporate and business systems * Help institutions to improve the quality of learning and teaching and the student experience * Help institutions to improve the quality, impact and productivity of academic research //** **+ 
 + \\ //RDTF Vision// 
 + 
 +//The [[http://​ie-repository.jisc.ac.uk/​475/​1/​JISC%26RLUK_VISION_FINAL.pdf|taskforce vision]] is //'UK researchers and students will have easy, flexible and ongoing access to content and \\ services through a collaborative,​ aggregated and integrated resource discovery and delivery framework which is comprehensive,​ open and sustainable'//​ The vision addresses the following JISC strategic objectives: \\ * Provide cost-effective and sustainable shared national services and resources * Help institutions to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of their corporate and business systems * Help institutions to improve the quality of learning and teaching and the student experience * Help institutions to improve the quality, impact and productivity of academic research //
  
  
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